View More. The northwestern suyu , Chinchaysuyu, took its name from the province, or ethnic region, of Chincha. Chinchaysuyu was the second largest of the four quarters, encompassing both the Peruvian coastal strip and Andean highlands north of Cusco, as well as much of modern-day Ecuador and a small segment of what is now southern Colombia. The region contained distinctly different and geographically defined cultures from the coastal lowlands, the Andean highlands and the tropical eastern foothills of the Andean range.
In order to maintain greater control and stability in the region, the Incas allowed these different ethnic groups to retain many of their own beliefs and traditions.
Encyclopedia of prehistory. Volume 7. South America (Book, ) [meokfaclackderos.ga]
Antisuyu spread out to the north and northeast of Cusco. The suyu took its name from the Anti region and the Anti ethnic group that inhabited it Anti, when Hispanicized, became Andes. The vast Peruvian Amazon served to restrict the eastern expansion of the Antisuyu region. They saw the deep jungle as a savage land populated by equally savage people. But the tropical forests east of the Andes did provide a number of important products such as hardwoods used for Inca weapons , feathers, wax and honey.
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Where both hunting and gathering are practiced, adult men usually hunt larger game and women and their children and grandchildren collect stationary foods such as plants, shellfish, and insects; forager mothers generally wean their children at about three or four years of age, and young children possess neither the patience nor the silence required to stalk game. However, the capture of smaller game and fish can be accomplished by any relatively mobile individual, and techniques in which groups drive mammals, birds, and fish into long nets or enclosures are actually augmented by the noise and movement of children.
The proportion of cultures that rely solely upon hunting and gathering has diminished through time. By about ce , many Middle and South American cultures and most European, Asian, and African peoples relied upon domesticated food sources, although some isolated areas continued to support full-time foragers. In contrast, Australia and the Americas were supporting many hunting and gathering societies at that time. Although hunting and gathering practices have persisted in many societies—such as the Okiek of Kenya, some Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders of Australia, and many North American Arctic Inuit groups—by the early 21st century hunting and gathering as a way of life had largely disappeared.
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